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40 Facts About Tropical Rainforests

Tropical rainforests receive a large amount of precipitation all year long

The tropical rainforest is a humid and warm forest due to its location close to the equator and is the cradle of many plants, trees and animals.

Being a humid and warm habitat, the tropical rainforest is known for its large variety of plants, trees and animals.

Rainforest Facts

The tropical rainforest is a very interesting place full of life.

1. These Are High Humidity Forests

The tropical rainforest is considered the most humid forest of the planet because it receives the largest amount of rainfall over a period of one year (between 250 and 450 centimeters). This is the forest where it’s raining almost daily.

2. They Host A Variety Of Biotic Species

Tropical rainforests cover about 2.5 percent of the Earth’s surface and host about 40% to 75% of all biotic species on the planet are located and can be found there.

3. Are Located Close To The Equator

Tropical rainforests are located 10 degrees north and 10 degrees south of the equator, in an area that is called the tropical rainforest climate, and where we can’t find not even one dry season all year long.

4. These Forests Occupy A Very Large Area On The Planet

The biome of the tropical rainforest occupies a much larger area which stretches between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn (28 degrees north and 28 degrees south of the equator).

5. Are Located In Asia, Africa, Central And South America

Rainforests can be found in Asia (India, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar (Burma), Laos, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan, Indonesia and the Philippines), in Africa (Senegal, Gambia, Guinea Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Central African Republic, Congo, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, Tanzania, Burundi, Rwanda, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenia, Somalia, Madagascar and Papua New Guinea), in Australia and New Zealand, and in South and Central America (Mexico, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Puerto Rico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana, Suriname, French Guyana, Ecuador, Brazil, Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay).

6. Tropical Rainforests Represent The Lungs Of The Planet

Rainforests are considered the lungs of the planet because all the trees and the green plants in these forests are consuming carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases (which reduces the effects of global warming) and produce oxygen (through photosynthesis) that feeds the Earth’s atmosphere.

7. There are several types of rainforests

There are six different types of rainforests:

  • tropical rainforests
  • temperate rainforests
  • lowland rainforests
  • montane rainforests
  • flooded rainforests
  • mangrove forests

8. These Forests Regulate Temperatures And Weather Conditions On The Planet

Tropical rainforests have a very important role in regulating the temperatures and the weather patterns on planet Earth.

9.Contain A Good Amount Of Freshwater Reserves

About 20% of the freshwater reserves available on the planet (in liquid state) can be found in the tropical rainforests.

10. They Host A Large Number Of Herbs And Plants With Healing Properties

The rainforest is an important source of alternative medicine because about 25% of the natural medicines can be found in the plants and the herbs of these types of forests.

11. Rainforests Contain Plants That Can Heal Deadly Diseases

More than 70% of the plants and herbs used to treat potentially deadly diseases can be found in the tropical rainforest.

12. A Large Number Of New Species Can Be Found In Rainforests

If we study only a small part of the tropical rainforest (an area equivalent to one square mile) we can find hundreds of species of trees and more than one thousand species of plants.

13. Healing Plants That Can Treat Several Types Of Cancers Can Be Found In The Rainforest

More than 2,000 species of plants located in the rainforest are used today to treat potentially deadly diseases such as cancer.

14. The Amazon Tropical Rainforest Is The Largest Rainforest On The Planet

The Amazon River Basin is home for the largest tropical rainforest of the planet (Amazonia or the Amazon Jungle) and the area occupies about 40% of the South American continent.

15. There Are Plant Species In The Rainforest Which Have Not Yet Been Discovered

The number of plant species in the rainforest is so large that only a very small part of them have been already analyzed to see if they can be used to create a treatment for different medical conditions.

16. Deforestation Is A Major Enemy Of The Rainforest

Deforestation is the main enemy of the rainforest and is mostly caused by agriculture, logging, ranching and mining. Every year, the rainforest loses a small part of its surface due to these human related activities, which seem to have no respect for nature and the environment.

17. Rainforests Cover A Large Surface Of Land On The Planet

In 2015, the UN estimated that the rainforest covers an area of 1.77 billion hectares (around 6.8 million square miles of land) on the planet.
However, due to massive deforestation of today, the surface may decrease in the future pretty much.

18. Deforestation Destroys A Large Number Of Trees In The Rainforest

According to data provided by satellites, deforestations are destroying the tropical rainforests at a rate of about 8 million hectares (31,000 square miles) per year.

19. Rainforests Represent Major Ecosystems On The Planet

Tropical rainforests are considered the world’s most important ecosystems for the role played in sustaining the life on planet Earth.

20. The Most Important Rainforests Are Located In South America And Africa

The largest rainforests on the planet are the Amazonian rainforest located in the basin of the Amazon river, and on the second place we have the rainforest located in Central Africa’s Congo Basin, while the third place is occupied by the rainforest in New Guinea.

21. Rainforests Contain A Very Complex Ecosystem

Rainforests are hosting more species of plants, trees and animals than any other ecosystem on the planet.

22. Plants In The Rainforest Are Used To Produce A Wide Variety Of Products

A large number of products that we use every day are produced from plants found in tropical rainforests.

23. These Forests Consume A Huge Amount Of Carbon Emissions Every Year

Due to the high consumption of carbon dioxide (and other greenhouse gases) and the massive production of oxygen through photosynthesis, the rainforest is helping us in the fight against global warming and climate change.

24. Almost All Rainforests On The Planet Are Located In Second And Third-world Countries

About 90% of the world’s rainforests are located in underdeveloped countries, but also in a few developing countries.

25. A Wide Variety Of Animals Live In The Rainforest

A large number of animal species can be found in the tropical rainforests and they are adapted to the humid and warm climate provided by the forest, and they can’t live in a different environment.

26. Rainforests Are Important For A Large Number Of People

Almost all the people living in poverty on the planet (about 1.2 billion) use the rainforest for their daily needs.
If the rainforest is destroyed, they will be the people that will suffer the most.

27. These Forests Provide A Humid And Warm Habitat All Year Long

The tropical rainforest provides a humid and warm habitat, and the average temperature around the year is between 70°F and 85°F (21°C and 30°C).

28. A Large Number Of Exotic Fruits Can Be Found In Tropical Rainforests

The tropical rainforest provides for our daily diet fruits such as avocados, coconuts, oranges, figs, grapefruit, lemons, bananas, guavas, mangos, pineapples and tomatoes.

29. A Large Number Of Vegetables Can Be Found In Tropical Rainforests

The tropical rainforest is also the source of vegetables such as corn, rice, potatoes, yams, winter squash and spices such as black pepper, chocolate, cayenne, cinnamon, ginger, cloves, sugar cane, coffee. turmeric and vanilla, and also nuts such as cashews and Brazil nuts.

30. The Amazonian Rainforest Consists Of Undiscovered Human Tribes

The Amazonian Rainforest is the home of many indigenous tribes of Indians.
About 500 years ago, the forest was home for a number of 10 million indigenous tribes, but today due to deforestation, their number decreased to about 200,000.

31. Shamans Can Be Found In The Tropical Rainforest

Most medicine men and shamans that live in the rainforest are very old today, and when they die, all the knowledge related to the medicinal plants of the rainforest is considered lost.

32. Wood Industry Is The Main Enemy Of The Rainforest

The tropical rainforest is mostly decimated for its timber that is then used in the industry of the developed countries.

33. Trees In Rainforests Act Like An Umbrella For The Environment On The Ground

The trees and the plants of the tropical rainforest are creating such a dense layer of branches and leaves that the rainfall requires about 10 minutes to reach the ground from the canopy area.

34. The Australian Rainforest Hosts Unique Species Of Plants And Animals

The Australian rainforest is home for a large number of flower species that cannot be found anywhere else.

35. Many Animals In The Rainforest Live In The Crown Area Of The Trees

A large number of creatures that live in the rainforest can be found in the trees.

36. A Small Number Of Creatures In The Rainforest Live At Ground Level

Mainly predators live at ground level in the tropical rainforest.

37. A Very Large Number Of Insects Live In Tropical Rainforets

A large number of insects live in the tropical rainforest.

38. Deforestation Destroys Entire Habitats In The Rainforest

The massive deforestation that takes place today in the rainforest is destroying not only the trees, but also an impressive number of animal and plant species.

39. Plants And Herbs In Rainforests Have Been Identified By The U.S. National Cancer Institute

The U.S. National Cancer Institute has identified a number 3.000 species of plants and herbs that can be used in cancer treatment, and about 70% of them are located in the rainforest.

40. Plants And Herbs In The Tropical Rainforest Contain Substances That Can Cure A Large Number Of Diseases

Today, more than 100 pharmaceutical companies and branches of the U.S. government, including giants such as The National Cancer Institute and Merck, are engaged in projects that are searching for plants of the rainforest which can provide drugs and possible cures for several viruses, infections, and potentially deadly medical conditions such as cancer, and even for AIDS.


Due to its inestimable value for the life on planet Earth, we need to protect the rainforest and all the other forests of the planet because only this way we have a natural tool to reduce the effects of global warming and climate change.

Article written by:

I write about the renewable energy sector, electric cars and climate change issues. I love nature and good food, so I travel all over the world to see new places and meet new people. Magda Savin

1 Comment

  1. Dems Sobanjo

    Nice facts! I was born in Nigeria and I grew up around the tropical rain forest! It good to read all these facts most of which were common knowledge to us! My grandma had lots of different plant solutions for various illnesses! Sad thing though is that for a long time the trees were being cut down!

    I hope the government will keep working to reduce and regulate this!

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