Electric cars require today a new battery technology and lower prices

A new charging infrastructure for electric cars is shaping up today.

The car market around the world is slowly moving toward an electric future, following the renewable energy revolution that is taking place on the planet.

Several countries have already announced that they want to end the production of the petrol and diesel cars (Norway by 2025, India by 2030 and France by 2040).

More than that, the Swedish carmaker Volvo, already announced that starting with 2019, all the models sold by the company will feature an electric motor.

The green revolution on the car market is driven by the demand for new and clean technologies that don’t pollute.

Modern electric motors are compact, very efficient (compared with the combustion engines) and free of emissions, so they fit perfectly in the green future where we are all heading.

The only issue with the electric cars today is represented by the battery pack used to store and deliver power to the electric motors.

Almost all EVs today are using lithium-ion batteries, which is an old technology because the first commercial lithium-ion battery was released by Sony in 1991.

It is true that the price of the lithium-ion battery packs for electric cars have fallen by about 80% in the last seven years, but even so the price of the electric cars is still high compared with the price of the regular cars that burn gasoline or diesel.

The high price of the electric cars is not justified today because they provide a small range compared with the range provided by a petrol or diesel car.

It is also true that the electric cars are clean (no harmful emissions released), and they are representing the future in terms of transportation, but even so, they need cheaper and more powerful battery packs (a new battery technology) that can store much more energy in order to provide beside better performance, a much longer range (even longer that the range provided by a car with a full tank of diesel or gasoline).

A new and improved battery technology may solve the problem with the life cycle of the lithium-ion battery packs of today.

Let’s say that the lithium-ion battery pack works perfectly in your EV for about 500 cycles (the cycle life of the battery is the number of complete charge/recharge cycles before the battery starts reducing its performance).

The problem appears for the lithium-ion battery pack at the end of the cycle life when the battery pack must be replaced.

Replacing the old battery pack with a new one will cost the owner about 40% of the price paid for a new car.

If technology cannot evolve overnight, the high price of the battery packs used today in electric cars could be significantly reduced by the large-scale facilities like Tesla’s Gigafactory or the battery gigafactories planned by Europe and China.

Manufacturing battery packs at a large scale and the improvements made to the technology (boosting the energy density in lithium batteries) could double the range provided by electric cars in the next five to ten years.

The road towards the clean future that will follow is not an easy one, and could take a little longer than we’ve expected.

If we manage (in a decade or so) to replace the polluting cars from the road with electric cars with zero emissions, we can say that a large issue with the air pollution generated by cars was solved on the planet.

Danny Ovy

Danny Ovy

I am a writer and reporter for the clean energy sector, I cover climate change issues, new clean technologies, sustainability and green cars.

Danny Ovy
Danny Ovy

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One Response to "Electric cars require today a new battery technology and lower prices"

  1. Peter Roberts says:

    Well Danny, EV batteries already have a life of 5,000 cycles and are warranted for up to 10 years, not the 500 cycles in your report.

    Maybe lithium battery technology has moved further forward than expected.

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